FANNIE LOU HAMER
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Fannie Lou Hamer (1917-
By then, 45 years old and a mother, Hamer lost her job and continually risked her life because of her civil rights activism. Hamer and other activists were arrested in June 1963 and severely beaten at a Montgomery County, Mississippi jail by two black inmates, on orders from white police officers. Hamer suffered permanent injuries. Despite this brutal beating, Hamer spoke frequently to raise money for the movement.
In 1964, Hamer and other SNCC members established the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) after failed attempts to coordinate with the Mississippi Democratic Party. The group sent delegates to the Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City, where they challenged the all-
Deeply committed to improving life for poor minorities in her state, Hamer, working with the National Council of Negro Women and others, helped organize food cooperatives, low-
Hamer published her autobiography, To Praise Our Bridges, in 1967. She is buried in her hometown of Ruleville, Mississippi, where her tombstone reads, "I am sick and tired of being sick and tired."
Source: American Radio Works. (2007) Fannie Lou Hamer (1917-